Coral ASSISTED EVOLUTION
Building coral reef resilience through human assisted evolution
Collaborative research at the
Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) &  Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
Photo: theoceanagency.org 

THE Coral AE PROJECT

The quest to stabilize and restore coral reefs, a critical component of our ocean ecosystem, is receiving increased help through a unique research project supported by Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Inc. As ocean temperatures rise and oceans become more acidic, corals are declining in record numbers. A new project and winner of the 2013 Paul G. Allen Ocean Challenge will apply human-assisted evolution in developing resilient coral species to help reverse this decline. - Vulcan, Inc. (August 4, 2015)

Initial research will be conducted in Hawaii and Australia, providing an unparalleled opportunity to study different coral species, environmental conditions and human factors to generate stronger research conclusions than single-site data.

At the University of Hawaii’s Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology on Coconut Island, Dr. Ruth Gates and her team are working with a set of corals that were unaffected by a warming event last year that caused bleaching in many of their neighboring adjacent strains. These resilient corals are being conditioned to survive in increasingly warmer and more acidic water. The goal is to induce greater resilience in the individual samples as well as in their offspring.

The Australian experiments will be conducted in the state-of-the art National Sea Simulator (SeaSim) located on the campus of AIMS headquarters in Cape Ferguson. The SeaSim allows for tightly controlled environmental factors including temperature and water acidity during the selective breeding-style activities. The Australian-component of the research will forward another component human-assisted evolution. This is an innovative use of the age-old selective breeding techniques similar to those used in the agriculture industry.